ABUL QASIM AL KHOI
740. ….The following
conditions must be fulfilled for Friday prayers becoming obligatory
The number of persons (including the imam) who intend offering Friday prayers
should be at least seven. Hence, unless at least seven Muslims come together,
offering of Friday prayers does not become obligatory. However, performance of
Friday prayers by five persons including the Imam is in order.
The Imam should fulfil the necessary conditions for leading the prayers. These
conditions include righteousness ('Adalat) and some other attributes which are
required of an Imam and which will be mentioned in connection with the
congregational prayers. Friday prayers does not become obligatory unless an
Imam possessing necessary qualifications is available.
The Imam of a congregational prayers should be Adult, Sane, an ithna 'Ashari
Shia aadil, and Legitimate, and should offer the prayers correctly.
Furthermore, if the follower is a man the Imam, too, should be a man. And there
is no harm in a discerning child (i.e. a child who can distinguish between good
and bad) following another discerning child, although it does not fulfil the
conditions of a congregational prayer (i.e. it cannot be called a
SYED ALI SISTAANI
740. * Friday prayers consists of 2 Rak'ats like Fajr
prayers. The difference between these two prayers is that Namaz-e-Jumuah has
two sermons before it. Namaz-e-Jumuah is Wajib Takhyiri, which means that we
have an option to offer Jumuah prayers, if its necessary conditions are
fulfilled, or to offer Zuhr prayers. Hence, if Namaz-e-Jumuah is offered then
it is not necessary to offer Zuhr prayer.
The following conditions
must be fulfilled for Jumuah prayers to become obligatory:
- The time for Jumuah prayers
should have set in. And that means that the midday time should have begun
to decline. The time for Namaz-e-Jumuah is the earliest part of Zuhr. If
it is very much delayed, then Namaz-e-Jumuah time will be over, and Zuhr
Namaz will have to be prayed.
- The number of persons joining
Namaz-e-Jumuah should be at least five, including the Imam. If there are
less than five people, Namaz-e-Jumuah would not become obligatory.
- The Imam should fulfil the
necessary conditions for leading the prayers. These conditions include
righteousness ('Adalat) and other qualities which are required of an Imam
and which will be mentioned in connection with the congregational prayers.
In absence of an Imam qualifying to lead, Namaz-e-Jumuah will not be
1462. * The Imam of the
congregational prayers should be:
- Adult (Baligh)
- Ithna 'Ashari Shi'ah
- Of legitimate birth
- Being able to offer the prayers correctly
Furthermore, if the
follower is a male, the Imam also should be a male. To follow a boy of ten
years of age is a matter of Ishkal.
SYED MOHAMMED RAZA MOOSVI GULPAYEGANI
741. In the Presence of Imam AS it is obligatory on a person
that he should pray the Jumuah Prayers on the day of Jumuah, instead of praying
Zuhr. But at this time (when in the disappearance of Imam AS) if anybody prays
Jumuah Prayers it is obligatory precaution on him to pray the Zuhr also.
Page No. 486. At this time the Jumuah prayers are Obligatory
Optional which means there is the option between the prayers of Jumuah and
Zuhr, A person can pray one out of it. But Jumuah is better and Zuhr is Ahwat.
It is more Ahwat to pray both Jumuah and Zuhr. The prayer of Zuhr will be void
on the person who prays Jumuah Prayers. But it is Ahwat to perform Zuhr after
the prayers of Jumuah and the prayers of Jumuah is two rakht the same way as
the prayer of Fajr.
TRADITION OF THE INFALLIBLES AS
Ali AS said “No ruling on capital punishment will be correct and JumAA without
the Just Imam”.
narrated to Imam Ali AS that “the ruling on capital punishment and JumAA will
not be correct without the Just Imam or the one who is appointed by Him.
Book Jamaal al SabaAu Syed bin Tawoos and he by Sheik Talakbari and he by Zaid
bin Sabit narrates by one Badwi Aeraabi person came to Prophet SW and said “O
Messenger of Allah be my parents be scarified on you, we live in a village very
far from Madina and we cannot come here for JumAA prayers. You teach us an act
by which if we perform it we shall get the same excellence as of JumAA and when
we go back to home show it to other people. Then Prophet SW said to him when
the day shines you perform two rakht prayers wherein the first rakht after
reading Surah Hamd read for 7 times Surah Qul Aauzo be Rabil Falak and in the
second rakht after reading Surah Hamd read for 7 times Surah Qul Aauzo be Rabin
Naas and 7 times Ayatal Kursi (till Khaledun) and after this perform another 8
rakht prayers in such a way that after two rakht when you sit in tashahud do
not recite salam and instead recite salam after every 4 rakht and in every
rakht after reading Surah Hamd read Surah Izajah Nasrullah one time and Surah
Qul Huwal Allah 25 times. After you finish the tashahud and salam read this Dua
for 7 times Ya Hayyo Ya Qayyum Ya Zuljalle wal Ikraam Ya ilahal awalleena wal
aaqereena Ya Rahmanar Raheemad Dunya wal Aqerah wa Raheemahoma Ya Rabbo Ya
Rabbo Ya Rabbo Ya Rabbo Ya Rabbo Ya Rabbo Ya Rabbo Ya Allaho Ya Allaho Ya
Allaho Ya Allaho Ya Allaho Ya Allaho Ya Allaho sale ala Mohammadiun wa Aalehi
wagfirli. And then pray what you wanted and then recite this for 70 times.
Lahoula Wala Quwata Illa Billa hil Aliyul Azeem and then recite Subhanal
Allahil Rabil Arshil Kareem. Then the Prophet SW said By the Lord who is my
creator whoever Male Momin or Female Mominaa prays this JumAA prayers on day of
JumAA I will be responsible for Heaven for him and he will not stand up from
his place of prayers that the evil deeds of his parents will be forgiven and
the Allah will grant him virtues of all the persons who are praying on that day
and all the virtues of the persons who has fasted on that day whether they be
in east or west. These virtues will be in abundance which no eye has seen ever
nor any ear have listened earlier.
Sadiq AS said “The first person on the day of JumAA who put forth the sermons
over the prayers was Osman because when he used to complete the prayers the
people does not stop to hear his sermon and disburses away and they use to say
what will we do after listening his sermons when he himself does not abide what
he preach and he has innovated a lot in the religion. Therefore when he saw
this he has put forth the sermons over the prayers.” And I (Narrator) have
asked my (teacher) Sheik Mohammad bin Hassan bin Waleed that what was that
which was been recited by Aamma (Muslims) after the JumAA prayers? He replied
it is been narrated that Bani Ummayya use to curse for thirty times on Imam Ali
AS after the JumAA prayers but when Omar bin Abdul Aziz became the Ruler then
he has ordered to stop that curses and said to recite LaIllaha Illahlah
walAllaho Akbar after the JumAA prayers which is better.