Rejection of Usuli Sect Akhbari and Usulis Fatwas against Hadiths Fatwas against Matam Answer these Questions
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Basic differences between

Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari  Akhbari and Usooli

 

AKHBARIs Believe 

 

USOOLIs Believe

1. Quran and Ahadees as the only source of Divine law (ahkamat) 1. Quran and Ahadees are insufficient source of law, and adds intellect (aql) and consensus (ijma) to it.
2. Ijtehad in religion is forbidden 2. Ijtehad in religion is necessary
3. Practice on opinion (rai) and guess work (qiyas) is forbidden (haram) and innovation in religion (biddat). 3. Practice only on opinion (rai) and guess work (qiyas)
4. Taqleed (Unconditional surrender) is obligatory (wajib) 4. Taqleed is lawful only for followers, forbidden for mujtahid.
5. Taqleed of only 14 infallibles as obligatory 5. Only taqleed of a mujtahid is lawful.
6. Supreme Authority (Ulil Amr) are 14 infallibles only, using this word for others is forbidden. 6. Fallible (Ghaire Masoom) as Supreme Authority (Ulil Amr).
7. Using the term Imam for any one other than 12 Imams is forbidden 7. The fallible are also Imams.
8. Deputy (Naib) of an Imam is Imam only. 8. Fallible are deputy of Imams.
9. Only infallible can do istembaat (Deducing religious solutions) 9. Mujtahid have right to do Istembhat (Deducing religious solutions)
10. Alian Walliullah is an integral part without which the kalema is incomplete. 10. Alian Walliullah is not an integral part.
11. The prophet and 13 infallibles are equal and same in all and every aspect 11. 14 infallibles are not equal and the same.
12. The right to interpret the Quran is only with the 14 inflalibles who have complete in-depth knowledge (Rasekhuna fil ilm) 12. Mujtahid can interpret Quran through reasoning (tafseer bil rai).
13. Subtractions and alterations were made in Holy Quran. 13. No subtraction and alterations were made in Quran.
14. Gaining knowledge about divinity (Marefate Noorania) of Prophet Mohammed (S.A) and His Progeny (A.S). Is compulsory 14. Gaining of spiritual knowledge is not an imposition in religion (takleefe sharai) but takes it only as a verbal meaning.
15. Practice on knowledge of principles of jurisprudence (Usul e Fiqh) is forbidden 15. Practise on knowlegde of principles of jurisprudence only.
16. The self blood shedding (khooni matam) while mourning of Imam Hussain (A.S) is according to islamic law 16. Self blood shedding (khooni matam) in the mourning of Imam Hussain (A.S) is forbidden (haram) and innovation in religion (biddat).
17. Salvation is only through deep love and affection for Imam Ali (A.S) and through gaining knowledge of his divinity. (Practices (aamal) are intensively demanded). 17. Salvation is through apparent practices (Mutazela believe the same).
18. Accept all the attributes of God, but request generosity for sins. 18. Accept justice (adl) to the extent that they deny generosity (karam) from God. (Mutazela believe the same).
19. Apparent practices are indications of faith. 19. Apparent practices are integral part of faith.
20. Ahadees are either right or wrong 20. Ahadees are categorized into sahih, zaeef, mousaqh, hasan, ahaad etc.

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