Foundation and Laws of The True Religion Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari Rafzi
Jaffery Akhbari are based On Saqlain Tradition (Hadees-e-Saqlain)
leaving amongst you two most valuable things- one is Allah's book and the other
is my Progeny (Itrat, Ahlebait). These two never separates from each
other. Such that they will meet me at the fountain of Kousar (Houz-e-Kausar).
Whoever binds himself to these two will definitely attain
salvation and whoever distances himself from these two will
definitely be ruined. Till you are bounded with these two you will never
ever go astray.
to be safe from going astray and being disgraced, it is essential to
practice on Quran and Ahlebait (AS). Neither by saying 'Hasbona Kitaballah'
(only Quran is sufficient) can leave Ahlebait (AS) nor can add Intellect (Aql)
and Ijma (Consensus) to these two.
are the words uttered by a pious and Infallible mouth. Mysteries are
hidden in this single word "Saqlain". If the creator of words
& their meaning, The 14 infallibles (AS) have not explained Saqlain
then the mystery would have remained as such. It would have remained
hidden even after being apparent. If u want to see then
seeing with the strength of Imaan is true faith (Yaqeen) True faith (yaqeen)
is not something wherein one agrees after seeing proof. It is in Hadith
(tradition) that Saqlain is supreme creation (Aazam Maqlooqath). Quran is
miracle of Prophet Mohammed (SW). About the talking Quran (Quran-e-Natiq)
it is said
it is a fact that among the miracles of Prophet Mohammed (SW) one miracle
is Ali (AS).
is beyond human understanding and conception, this is the proof of
Prophecy (Nabuwat), Risalath and Imamath. Miracle whether by words or
actions, is an order of Allah. Nabis, Rasools, Imams are the means through
which it is performed.
this vast and literal explanation, these conclusions came into fore are
became evident that manifestation of miracle was done by Allah through the
sayings and actions of the last Apostle of Allah. When the miracle is an
order of Allah, it is obligatory for Muslims to act upon it. This was the
reason that the Prophet (SW) said that whoever rejects Saqlain will
definitely go astray and will become contemptible and be ruined.
Greatness of Saqlain
Mute Quran (Quran-e-Saamith) – The verifier of
(never will be separated till eternity) that is Hazrath Ali (AS) recited
Touraith, Injeel, Zaboor, Quran and other 313 books, immediately after
birth in Kaaba ( at a time when the Prophet had not recited it) this has
many reasons –
Divine revelation (Wahi) through Jibrael is a restraint on Prophet,
not a necessity. Divine
revelations are revealed to Imam directly from Allah (Malik-e-Ilham).
Prophet (SW) said
am the city of knowledge and Ali is it’s gate. Everything passes through
There was no verifier of Quran.
The Supreme and homogenous creature (fellow being) and witness was
Talking Quran (Quran-e-Natiq) – In the house of Allah when in the arms
of Prophet (SW) the infinite’s perfect image (La Mahdood ka
Mazhar-e-uttam) came then
‘s seal on lips got broken. The moment Sahib-e-Idraak (master of
comprehension) saw the Allah’s complete manifestation (Mazhar-e-Kaamil)
Ali-e-Wali (AS) he proclaimed
Allah’s eyes, Allah’s tongue, Allah’s face, Allah’s hands,
Allah’s legs, Allah’s consent, Allah’s soul. It appeared as though
Ali-e-Wali (AS) was reciting the Mute Quran and Mohammed-e-Arabi (SW) was
reciting the Talking Quran.
explain the greatness of Ali-e-Wali (AS), Prophet (SW) said
O! Ali (AS), nobody has perceived you except your creator and me. This is
the reason that after seeing Ali’s (AS) position (Muqamaat-e-Ali) these
usooli, motezalis, muqhassirs give verdict that Akhbaris do ‘Ghulu’(Exaggeration
). And it is a fact that usooli motezalis deny equation of Masoomeen (AS)
– (Masawaath). Proof for this is the question addressed to Ayatullah al
imam aqha khoi – it was asked that
whether Ameerul Momeneen (AS) is equal in all aspects to Prophet (SW), is
this saying correct or not? Any proof in support of equation (masawaat)?
His reply was –
there is no doubt, it is a fact that Prophet (SW) is greater than his
successor Ameerul Momeneen (AS) – (Mazallah). This fatwa has been
produced in ‘Mujhtahideen’s fatwe against Shiism’ link of this
Imamia Ithna Ashari Akhbari believe in equation of 14 Masoomeen (AS) whose
proof is this tradition of Prophet (SW) –
O’ people do not wonder I am Ali (AS) and Ali (AS) is me and all of us
are Mohammed (SW). Prophet’s (SW) 23 years of preaching’s result is
Saqlain tradition. But it is sad how the followers treated it…. This is
something to be thought about.
Event of 18th Zilhij, 10th Hijri
O! Prophet (SW) whatever has been sent to you from your Allah, convey it,
if you do not do this then it would be as though you have not conveyed
your prophecy at all. And, Allah will save you from evil people, no doubt
Allah does not guide atheists (Munkirs).
23 years of work and preaching Namaz, Roza, Haj, Zaqat, Khums, Jihad, etc.
orders came but Allah never changed his tone and never offered security to
protect from wickedness of evil people. This shows that the most difficult
deed is accepting Ali Ibne Abi Talib’s (AS) succession.
at the ground of Ghadeer-e-khum amongst 1.25lakh gathering Prophet (SW)
lifted Ali-e-Wali (AS) on his hands and announced
whomsoever I am the Moula, this Ali (AS) is Moula to each of them. The
moment this announcement of succession took place, Allah declared that
Islam was completed.
Today I completed your religion for you and bestowed all My blessings on
you and has chosen Islam as your religion.
the Tafseer of ‘majma ul bayan ‘ Imam Mohammed Baquer (AS) and Imam
Jaffer-e-Sadiq (AS) said that while returning from his last Haj, when
Prophet (SW) at Ghadeer-e-khum, appointed Hazrat Ali (AS), in front of all
the people present, as the leader and guide for guidance of all the people
at that moment this Ayat descended after which no other command would be
‘Kaafi’ Imam Mohammed Baquer (AS) said that one after the other
commandments descended, Wilayat was the last order after which this Ayat
which means that I have completed all laws and obligations for you, no
other order will descend after this. The revelation of Islam on
announcement of succession got completed meaning that the knowledge which
was given to Prophet (SW) by Allah was passed by Prophet (SW) to Ali (AS)
and was passed on to all the consequent successors who were to be from
their children. And, when they were appointed in his place and people got
the chance to know all admissible and forbidden deeds from them then
people were ordered that they should refer to them (14 Masoomeen, AS) in
each and every matter and should find out Halaal and Haraam from them.
And, since arrangement was made for their succession one after the other.
Therefore, religion was completed and blessing was whole.
(SW) after announcing his succession gave a long sermon ,two main points of
which are to be presented keeping in view today’s times so that Momeneen
can act upon them.
– O! Allah, you be friends with those whomsoever befriends Ali (AS) and
become enemy of those whomsoever is against/opposes Ali (AS) and curse them who
denies Ali (AS) and send wrath on those who refuses Ali’s (AS) rights.
prayer of Prophet (SW) is for those who adhere to the right practices and
is a curse for those who deviate from the right practices, this prayer
will hold on till Qayamat (the Judgement Day). Now if anyone wants to be
safe from the curse and wrath of Allah then it’s obligatory for him to
love Ali Ibne Abi Talib (AS) and his Shias, should curse those who are
enemies of Ali (AS) and deny Ali’s (AS) rights.
people, amongst you the evident proof and place of safety, after me, which
is your Imam, leader, guide, master, my brother Ali Ibne Abi Talib (AS)
who is in your midst, is like me you follow him in religious things and
obey him in all matters because he has the same knowledge and wisdom that
was bestowed on me by Allah.
Note: The basic difference between Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari Akhbari sect
and Usooli sect is issuance of fatwe by Usoolis using own intellect, based
on ones own opinion, which is bidath (deviation from the true faith). Such
that, all Mujtahadeen of Usooli sect has taken a unanimous decision that
the third Shahdath of Kalema is not an integral part of Azaan and Aqama.
Refer Tauzihul Masael, Ayatullah al khoi, page 167, Ayatullah imam
khomeini, page 146, Ayatullah syed mohammed raza al gul payegani, page
158, Ayatullah mohammed ali araki, page 176, Ayatullah syed ali hussaini
seestani, page 148, and ambassador of Iran for India Dr.Behnaam ‘Isme kithab Mecca ke qatl-e-aam ki chashm deedh
gawahi’ page 10. The above mujtahadeens have published the matter which
has ruined Shiism to a great extent.
accordance with the fatwe of all Shia scholars, reading of this line (Ash
hado Anna Ali an Wali Ullah) in Azaan is not obligatory and if someone
includes this line as an obligation and compulsory in Azaan then his Azaan
and Namaz both will be void and useless. This has been included in Azaan
only as token (Tabarruk)----(Mazallah).
aqai syed mohsin hakim taba tabai in ‘Minahajul Saleheen’, page 203
has written that it is mustahib (which carries neither any reward nor
wrath) to complete shahadat-e-Touheed and Risalath by agreeing to Ali Ibne
Abi Talib’s (AS) Wilayat and he being leader (Amirul Momineen) of all
Akhbari is one who is follower, friend and supporter of Ali (AS). So let
us discuss keeping in mind Usooli sect’s Ayatullah mohsin al hakim’s
reasoning. He said that completing Shahadath-e-Tauheed and Risalath by
Shahadath-e-Ali (AS) is mustahib. Now the question that arises here is
completing Shahadath-e-Tauheed and Risalath is mustahib or wajib
(compulsory)? If it is compulsory then Shahadath-e-Ali an Waliullah (AS)
is also mandatory. And when Tauheed and Risalath remains incomplete
without Shahadath-e-Ali an Waliullah (AS) then Azaan will also be
incomplete. Think upon how this mustahib is for which Allah is telling
meaning the result of preaching is usool and furo in which La Illaha
Illallah and Mohammed ur Rasoolallah is also included, which was completed
after succession announcement (Eilaan-e-Wilayat) whose obvious proof is
meaning on announcement of succession, God sent religion was complete. Now
tell us if Shahadath-e-Ali an Waliullah (AS) is wajib or mustahib? It has
to be agreed that Ali an Waliullah (AS) is must and an integral part which
cannot be done without.
on Inclusion of Ali an Waliullah in Azaan and Aqama during the times of
Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari Akhbari sect Masoom’s saying (qoul-e-masoom),
Masoom’s actions and practices (Fael-e-masoom) and Masoom’s Taqreer
(the act done wherein masoom did not condemn or oppose) is proof, law and
reason to act upon.
Sheikh Abdullah Maraghi Misri writes in his book ‘Al Salfa Fi Amr
Al Khilafa’ – Hazrath Salman-e-Farsi (RA) was reciting Ali an Wali
Ullah in Azaan and Aqama, hearing which, one person told Prophet (SW) that
Salman has taken Wilayat-e-Ali’s Shahadath after two Shahadaths. Prophet
(SW) replied what you heard from Salman was Khair (correct, good)
In the same book the above mentioned author also wrote that one day
one person told Prophet (SW) that Abazar (RA) after taking
Shahadath-e-Rasool (SW) says Ash hado anna Ali an Wali Ullah. Prophet (SW)
replied what you heard is the fact. Have you forgotten my announcement at
Ghadeer-e-Khum when I had declared Ali’s (AS) succession.
result of our reasonable talk is that among the objects of announcement at
Ghadeer one of the important purpose was the inclusion of Ali an Wali
Ullah in Azaan and Aqama. In accordance with
it is obligatory on each and every Shia to keep on remembering and
telling wilayat announcement in every manner and by all ways.
Name of book – Awwaleen Muazzin-e-Islam, Hazrath Bilaal. Written
by Sayeed Ain Abedi translated by Aziz ul Hasan Jaffery published by
Nasher Abbas book agency, dargah hazrath Abbas, Rustom Nagar, Lucknow –
3. Page 4. It is written that Azaan’s kalemaath and fusool are arranged
according to intellect. Firstly, Allah’s jalalath and kibreaii
mentioned, then witness to His oneness, then witness to Prophet’s (SW)
Risalath, then Wilayat’s admission. This announcement and admission is
taken from Ahde Risalath. This is neither bidath (deviation from the true
faith) nor ekhteraa (Invention).
that one top scholar belonging to Sunni sect Abul laes Harwi writes in his
book ‘Riyazul Saadeqeen’ that – during Prophet’s (SW) lifetime, in
between 6 or 9 months this kalema was used in Azaan for five times. But,
rafzis meddled and used these kalemath in every Azaan and Aqama. Actually
they don’t know this order was cancelled. Prominent elders and sahaaba
never used these words. During their reign if anybody dared to use this
kalemath then hazrath umer used to punish him hard.
is clear from the above that during Prophet’s (SW) times this Kalema was
taken in Azaan, during the period of 6 to 9 months, if only for five
times. If this was not an integral part of Azaan then it was obligatory on
Prophet (SW) to say so and prohibit/stop anyone using it as such.
passed through turbulent times, when during Prophet’s (SW) period
punishments were meted out, then how will you get ‘Nas’
(proof/evidence) on ‘Ali an Waliullah’ in the books. Even if one
tradition (Hadees) or Riwayath have reached us then we should be thankful
to Allah for this and act upon it, instead of calling oneself Shia but
issuing fatwe against Ali an Waliullah thus rendering Azaan and Aqama
Important Event of 28th Safar 11th Hijri
Aye, Rasool(SW), you are a Warner,. and to every people there is a guide.
Keeping in view this ayath from Quran, before onset of death, Prophet (SW)
said “Bring paper and ink, so that I write who my successor, guide and
deputy is. One declared. “Hasbona Kitab Allah” Allah’s book is
enough for us. If Allah’s book was enough for guidance, they did not
remain even on this neither did act upon (or in accordance with) Quran nor
took/accepted the complete Quran. See, the revolution within few days. On
28 Safar, 11 Hijri Prophet (SW) died. Ali Ibne Abi Talib (AS) was busy in
mourning and making arrangements for burial. Hzt. Abu Bakr and Hzt. Umar
leaving Prophet’s (SW) dead body, gathered people in Saqeeqa Bani Saaeda,
forgetting order of Allah and his Prophet, and through consensus appointed
Hzt. Abu Bakr as successor. From this point only, ijhtehad’s foundation
was laid and in Allah’s religion (Islam), use of consensus (ijma) and
own intellect (Aql) began.
Whatever Prophet (SW) gives you, accept that, and from whatever he
prohibits you, abstain from it. Non-practicing of this ayath resulted in
Prophet (SW) said, Aye Ali, after my demise, my ummat (followers) will be
divided into 73 sects. Among these, only one sect will be naaji (who will
go to heaven) and
the rest will be naari (who will go to hell). Naaji sect’s
characteristic will be that they will accept/agree to Wiliayat of all of
you and will acquire ilm from you all and will not act on their own opinion.
The True Religion Shia
Imamia Ithna Ashari Rafzi Jaffery Akhbari – An Insight
for us being called by many names like Shia, Imamia, Ithna Ashari, Rafzi,
Jaffery, Akhbari is that in the past only those people who used to
practice on Quran and Ahlebayt (AS) were called Shia Imamia Rafzi. But,
since the start/introduction of Ilm-e-Usool-e-Fiqh and Darayath fil hadees
during Abu Hanifa’s period, for which, Imam Jaffer-e-Sadiq (AS) says
“My ancestors’ religion (deen) got ruined”, from here only Usooli
sect’s foundation was laid who like ‘aama’ practice on kitab (book),
sunnath (tradition), Aql (intellect) and ijma (consensus). The harm that
happened to us Shias was by these usooli people using Shia Imamia Ithna
Ashari Rafzi Jaffery along with their names. But by use of ijhtehad in
religion and by support of intellect and consensus (whose founders are
sheikhain) brought change in the laws of Sharya and practiced on them and
by bringing pressure on momeneen through ijhtehad, made practice on these
as obligatory for them when usoolis added Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari Rafzi
Jaffery to their names even though they are neither Shia-ne-Ali (AS) nor
Ithna Ashari (followers of 12 Imams (AS)) but is one of the sects
belonging to muslims. Refer
Ferozul lughaat, Naseemul lughaat, Talimul lughaat (Urdu Dictionaries)-
Usooli is that muslim sect who do Taqleed-e-Mujhtehad. Hence it became
necessary for us to tell that we are not the ones to act upon
‘Seerath-e-Sheikhain’ (characteristics of sheikhain) and to show that
we the true Shias that is Shia Imamia Ithna Ashari Rafzi Jaffery and are
separate from these Usoolis we started calling ourselves Akhbaris. This
one word ‘Akhbari’ contains both Tawalla and Tabarra.
Akhbari means – ‘Khabr’ is singular, its plural is ‘Akhbar’. In
relation to Akhbar is ‘Akhbari’.
Not only do we agree and accept Akhbar-e-Ilahiya and Masoomeen (AS) but
also practice on them. We obey (Itaat)
and follow(Taqleed) only them. Refer Ferozul lughaat, Naseemul lughaat,
Talimul lughaat (Urdu Dictionaries) – Akhbari refers to that sect of
Shia pertaining to ‘Akhbar’, who do not do Taqleed of Ulema.