and Ahadees as the only source of Divine law (ahkamat)
||Quran and Ahadees are
insufficient source of
law, and adds intellect (aql)
and consensus (ijma) to it.
in religion is forbidden
||Ijtehad in religion is necessary
on opinion (rai) and guess work (qiyas) is forbidden (haram)
and innovation in religion (biddat).
||Practice only on opinion (rai) and guess work (qiyas)
(Unconditional surrender) is obligatory (wajib)
||Taqleed is lawful only for followers, forbidden for mujtahid.
||Taqleed of only
14 infallibles as obligatory
||Only taqleed of a mujtahid is lawful.
||Supreme Authority (Ulil
Amr) are 14 infallibles only, using this word for others is
||Fallible (Ghaire Masoom) as Supreme Authority (Ulil
||Using the term Imam
for any one other than 12 Imams is forbidden
||The fallible are also Imams.
||Deputy (Naib) of
an Imam is Imam only.
||Fallible are deputy of Imams.
||Only infallible can do istembaat
(Deducing religious solutions)
||Mujtahid have right to do Istembhat (Deducing
is an integral part without which the kalema is
||Alian Walliullah is not an integral part.
||The prophet and 13
infallibles are equal and same in all and every aspect
||14 infallibles are not equal and the same.
||The right to interpret
the Quran is only with the 14 inflalibles who have
complete in-depth knowledge (Rasekhuna fil ilm)
||Mujtahid can interpret Quran through reasoning (tafseer
alterations were made in Holy Quran.
||No subtraction and alterations were made in Quran.
knowledge about divinity (Marefate Noorania) of Prophet Mohammed
and His Progeny (A.S). Is compulsory
||Gaining of spiritual knowledge is not an imposition in
religion (takleefe sharai) but takes it only as a verbal
||Practice on knowledge of
principles of jurisprudence (Usul e Fiqh) is forbidden
||Practise on knowlegde of principles of jurisprudence only.
self blood shedding (khooni matam) while
mourning of Imam Hussain (A.S) is according to islamic
blood shedding (khooni matam) in the mourning of Imam Hussain (A.S) is
forbidden (haram) and innovation in religion (biddat).
||Salvation is only
through deep love and affection for Imam Ali (A.S) and through
gaining knowledge of his divinity. (Practices (aamal) are
||Salvation is through apparent practices (Mutazela
believe the same).
all the attributes of
God, but request generosity for sins.
justice (adl) to the extent that they deny generosity (karam)
from God. (Mutazela believe the same).
||Apparent practices are
indications of faith.
||Apparent practices are integral part of faith.
are either right or wrong
||Ahadees are categorized into sahih, zaeef,
mousaqh, hasan, ahaad etc.